Pakistan traces its history back to 2,500 years B.C., when a highly developed
civilization in the Indus Valley, excavations at Harappa, Moenjodaro, Kot Diji and
Mehr Garh have brought to light, the evidence of an advanced civilization existing
even in more ancient times.
Around 1,500 B.C., the Aryans overwhelmed this region, and influenced the Hindu
civilization, whose center moved to Ganges Valley, further east. Later, the Persians
occupied the northern region in the 5th century B.C. up to the 2nd century A.D. The
Greeks came in 327 B.C., under Alexander of Macedonia, and passed away like a
meteor. In 712 AD, the Arabs, led by Muhammad Bin Qasim, Landed somewhere
near modern Karachi and ruled the lower half of Pakistan for two hundred years.
During this time, Islam took roots in the soil and influenced the life, culture and
traditions of the people.
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